Document Detail


Molecular dynamics simulation of discontinuous volume phase transitions in highly-charged crosslinked polyelectrolyte networks with explicit counterions in good solvent.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16375571     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The volumetric properties of highly-charged defect-free polyelectrolyte networks with tetrafunctional crosslinks are studied through molecular dynamics simulations in the canonical ensemble. The network backbone monomers, which are monovalent, and the counterions, which are mono-, di-, or trivalent, are modeled explicitly in the simulations, but the solvent is treated implicitly as a dielectric medium of good solvation quality. The osmotic pressure of the network-solvent system is found to depend greatly on the strength of electrostatic interactions. Discontinuous volume phase transitions are observed when the electrostatic interactions are strong, and the onset of these transitions shifts to higher solvent dielectricity as the counterion valency increases. The roles of the various virial contributions to the osmotic pressure are examined. The network elasticity entropy is found to behave nearly classically. As the network contracts and collapses with increasing strength of electrostatic interactions, the loss of counterion entropy leads to increased counterion osmotic pressure contributions via two mechanisms. The reduction in available configurational space increases the counterion translational entropy contribution to the ideal part of the osmotic pressure, and the greater number of counterion-monomer contacts formed due to counterion condensation and confinement increases the counterion excluded-volume entropy contribution to the excess part of the osmotic pressure. These observations contrast the decrease in the single ideal-gas-like counterion translational entropy contribution to the osmotic pressure predicted by the counterion condensation-charge renormalization theory. An accompanying decrease in the total electrostatic energy balances the loss of counterion excluded-volume entropy as the polyelectrolyte networks collapse in low-dielectric solvents. This interplay between the electrostatic energy and the counterion excluded-volume entropy appears to be responsible for the discontinuous volume phase transitions that are observed in polyelectrolyte networks. The structure of the polyelectrolyte network is also found to be affine in the swollen state, with constituent chains nearly fully extended, and nonaffine in the collapsed state, with the chains adopting a Gaussian conformation.
Authors:
De-Wei Yin; Qiliang Yan; Juan J de Pablo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of chemical physics     Volume:  123     ISSN:  0021-9606     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-26     Completed Date:  2007-07-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375360     Medline TA:  J Chem Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  174909     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1691, USA.
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