Document Detail

Molecular and clinical correlations in spinocerebellar ataxia 2: a study of 32 families.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9158145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (SCA2) is caused by the expansion of an unstable CAG repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract. One hundred and eighty four index patients with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I were screened for this mutation. We found expansion in 109 patients from 30 families of different geographical origins (15%) and in two isolated cases with no known family histories (2%). The SCA2 chromosomes contained from 34 to 57 repeats and consisted of a pure stretch of CAG, whereas all tested normal chromosomes (14-31 repeats), except one with 14 repeats, were interrupted by 1-3 repeats of CAA. As in other diseases caused by unstable mutations, a strong negative correlation was observed between the age at onset and the size of the CAG repeat (r = -0.81). The frequency of several clinical signs such as myoclonus, dystonia and myokymia increased with the number of CAG repeats whereas the frequency of others was related to disease duration. The CAG repeat was highly unstable during transmission with variations ranging from -8 to +12, and a mean increase of +2.2, but there was no significant difference according to the parental sex. This instability was confirmed by the high degree of gonadal mosaicism observed in sperm DNA of one patient.
G Cancel; A Dürr; O Didierjean; G Imbert; K Bürk; A Lezin; S Belal; A Benomar; M Abada-Bendib; C Vial; J Guimarães; H Chneiweiss; G Stevanin; G Yvert; N Abbas; F Saudou; A S Lebre; M Yahyaoui; F Hentati; J C Vernant; T Klockgether; J L Mandel; Y Agid; A Brice
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human molecular genetics     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0964-6906     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Mol. Genet.     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-21     Completed Date:  1997-07-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208958     Medline TA:  Hum Mol Genet     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  709-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
INSERM U289, Paris, France.
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MeSH Terms
Age of Onset
Aged, 80 and over
Deglutition Disorders / genetics
Dystonia / genetics
Gene Frequency
Gonads / physiology
Middle Aged
Nerve Tissue Proteins
Ophthalmoplegia / genetics
Proteins / genetics*
Spinocerebellar Degenerations / epidemiology,  etiology*
Trinucleotide Repeats*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0/Proteins; 0/SCA2 protein

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