Document Detail

Molecular and cellular biology of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: a review of current concepts and future trends in treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25175428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Object Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are classically described as congenital static lesions. However, in addition to rupturing, AVMs can undergo growth, remodeling, and regression. These phenomena are directly related to cellular, molecular, and physiological processes. Understanding these relationships is essential to direct future diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. The authors performed a search of the contemporary literature to review current information regarding the molecular and cellular biology of AVMs and how this biology will impact their potential future management. Methods A PubMed search was performed using the key words "genetic," "molecular," "brain," "cerebral," "arteriovenous," "malformation," "rupture," "management," "embolization," and "radiosurgery." Only English-language papers were considered. The reference lists of all papers selected for full-text assessment were reviewed. Results Current concepts in genetic polymorphisms, growth factors, angiopoietins, apoptosis, endothelial cells, pathophysiology, clinical syndromes, medical treatment (including tetracycline and microRNA-18a), radiation therapy, endovascular embolization, and surgical treatment as they apply to AVMs are discussed. Conclusions Understanding the complex cellular biology, physiology, hemodynamics, and flow-related phenomena of AVMs is critical for defining and predicting their behavior, developing novel drug treatments, and improving endovascular and surgical therapies.
Leonardo Rangel-Castilla; Jonathan J Russin; Eduardo Martinez-Del-Campo; Hector Soriano-Baron; Robert F Spetzler; Peter Nakaji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgical focus     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1092-0684     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosurg Focus     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-09-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100896471     Medline TA:  Neurosurg Focus     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E1     Citation Subset:  IM    
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