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Molecular adaptations of testosterone-producing Leydig cells during systemic in vivo blockade of the androgen receptor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25153259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study systematically evaluates the effects of androgen receptor (AR) blockade on molecular events in Leydig cells. Results showed that intramuscular administration of testosterone-enanthate, at clinically relevant dose, decreased testosterone in interstitial fluid and Leydig cells from adult rats. AR-blocker (Androcur) prevented this effect and testosterone-reduced Leydig cells steroidogenic capacity/activity. Testosterone-reduced expression of some steroidogenic enzymes/proteins (Tspo,StAR,Hsd3b1/2) and transcription factors (Nur77,Gata4,Dax1) was completely abrogated, while decreased expression of Star,Cyp11a1,Cyp17a1,Hsd17b4,Creb1a was partially prevented. In the same cells, increased expression of Hsd3b5/HSD3B and Ar/AR was abolished. Androcur-treatment abolished testosterone-reduced cAMP, coupled with a changed expressional milieu of cAMP signaling elements. Results from in vitro experiments suggest that some of these effects are testosterone-AR dependent, while others could be due to disturbed LH and/or other signals. Presented data provide new molecular insight into Leydig cells function and are important in terms of human reproductive health and the wide-spread use of Androcur as well as use/abuse of testosterone-enanthate.
Authors:
Maja M Bjelic; Natasa J Stojkov; Aleksandar Z Baburski; Srdjan J Sokanovic; Aleksandar I Mihajlovic; Marija M Janjic; Tatjana S Kostic; Silvana A Andric
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8057     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7500844     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Endocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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