Document Detail

Molecular and Morphological Systematics of the Ellisellidae (Coelenterata: Octocorallia): Parallel Evolution in a Globally Distributed Family of Octocorals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24508698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The octocorals of the Ellisellidae constitute a diverse and widely distributed family with subdivisions into genera based on colonial growth forms. Branching patterns are repeated in several genera and congeners often display region-specific variations in a given growth form. We examined the systematic patterns of ellisellid genera and the evolution of branching form diversity using molecular phylogenetic and ancestral morphological reconstructions. Six of eight included genera were found to be polyphyletic due to biogeographical incompatibility with current taxonomic assignments and the creation of at least six new genera plus several reassignments among existing genera is necessary. Phylogenetic patterns of diversification of colony branching morphology displayed a similar transformation order in each of the two primary ellisellid clades, with a sea fan form estimated as the most-probable common ancestor with likely origins in the Indo-Pacific region. The observed parallelism in evolution indicates the existence of a constraint on the genetic elements determining ellisellid colonial morphology. However, the lack of correspondence between levels of genetic divergence and morphological diversity among genera suggests that future octocoral studies should focus on the role of changes in gene regulation in the evolution of branching patterns.
Jaret P Bilewitch; Merrick Ekins; John Hooper; Sandie M Degnan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular phylogenetics and evolution     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304400     Medline TA:  Mol Phylogenet Evol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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