Document Detail

Molecular imaging of low-density lipoprotein in human coronary plaques by color fluorescent angioscopy and microscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23209809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is an important risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, its localization in human coronary plaques is not well understood. The present study was performed to visualize LDL in human coronary artery wall.
METHODS: (1) The fluorescence characteristic of LDL was investigated by color fluorescent microscopy (CFM) with excitation at 470-nm and emission at 515-nm using Nile blue dye (NB) as a biomarker. (2) Native LDL in 40 normal segments, 42 white plaques and 35 yellow plaques (20 with necrotic core) of human coronary arteries was investigated by color fluorescent angioscopy (CFA) and CFM.
RESULTS: (1) NB elicited a brown, golden and red fluorescence characteristic of LDL, apolipoprotein B-100, and lysophosphatidylcholine/triglyceride, respectively. (2) The % incidence of LDL in normal segments, white, and yellow plaques was 25, 38 and 14 by CFA and 42, 42 and 14 by CFM scan of their luminal surface, respectively, indicating lower incidence (p<0.05) of LDL in yellow plaques than white plaques, and no significant differences in detection sensitivity between CFA and CFM. By CFM transected surface scan, LDL deposited more frequently and more diffusely in white plaques and yellow plaques without necrotic core (NC) than normal segments and yellow plaques with NC. LDL was localized to fibrous cap in yellow plaques with NC. Co-deposition of LDL with other lipid components was observed frequently in white plaques and yellow plaques without NC.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) Taken into consideration of the well-known process of coronary plaque growth, the results of the present study suggest that LDL begins to deposit before plaque formation; increasingly deposits with plaque growth, often co-depositing with other lipid components; and disappears after necrotic core formation. (2) CFA is feasible for visualization of LDL in human coronary artery wall.
Yasumi Uchida; Yuko Maezawa; Yasuto Uchida; Nobuyuki Hiruta; Ei Shimoyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-04     Completed Date:  2013-05-22     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e50678     Citation Subset:  IM    
Japanese Foundation for Cardiovascular Research, Funabashi, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Angioscopy / methods*
Coronary Vessels / pathology*
Lipoproteins, LDL / metabolism*
Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods*
Middle Aged
Plaque, Atherosclerotic / pathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipoproteins, LDL

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