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Molecular Dynamics Simulations on Pars Intercerebralis Major Peptide-C (PMP-C) Reveal the Role of Glycosylation and Disulfide Bonds in its Enhanced Structural Stability and Function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22292951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fucosylation of Thr 9 in pars intercerebralis major peptide-C (PMP-C) enhances its structural stability and functional ability as a serine protease inhibitor. In order to understand the role of disulfide bonds and glycosylation on the structure and function of PMP-C, we have carried out multiple explicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on fucosylated and non-fucosylated forms of PMP-C, both in the presence and absence of the disulfide bonds. Our simulations revealed that there were no significant structural changes in the native disulfide bonded forms of PMP-C due to fucosylation. On the other hand, the non-fucosylated form of PMP-C without disulfide bonds showed larger deviations from the starting structure than the fucosylated form. However, the structural deviations were restricted to the terminal regions while core β-sheet retained its hydrogen bonded structure even in absence of disulfide bonds as well as fucosylation. Interestingly, fucosylation of disulfide bonded native PMP-C led to a decreased thermal flexibility in the residue stretch 29-32 which is known to interact with the active site of the target proteases. Our analysis revealed that disulfide bonds covalently connect the residue stretch 29-32 to the central β-sheet of PMP-C and using a novel network of side chain interactions and disulfide bonds fucosylation at Thr 9 is altering the flexibility of the stretch 29-32 located at a distal site. Thus, our simulations explain for the first time, how presence of disulfide bonds between conserved cysteines and fucosylation enhance the function of PMP-C as a protease inhibitor.
Authors:
S Kaushik; D Mohanty; A Surolia
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1538-0254     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404176     Medline TA:  J Biomol Struct Dyn     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  905-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi-110067. deb@nii.res.in.
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