Document Detail

Modulation of rat vaginal blood flow and estrogen receptor by estradiol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15371887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The effects of subphysiological and physiological levels of estradiol on vaginal blood flow and estrogen receptor were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intact or ovariectomized female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Two weeks after surgery rats were infused with vehicle (polyethyleneglycol), or estradiol at subphysiological (5 microg daily) or physiological (15 microg daily) concentrations for 14 days using osmotic pumps. Changes in vaginal blood flow elicited by pelvic nerve stimulation were assessed by laser Doppler flowmetry. Total levels of functional estrogen receptor were determined by radioligand binding and Western blot analyses were used to assess estrogen receptor (ER) alpha protein. RESULTS: Mean plasma estradiol concentration +/- SEM decreased by 63% in the vehicle group (intact 36.5 +/- 10.3 pg/ml). The subphysiological and physiological estradiol groups had plasma levels that were 55% and 83% of the intact group, respectively. Uterine and vaginal wet weight, and vaginal blood flow were significantly decreased in the vehicle group and normalized by physiological levels of estradiol. However, vaginal blood flow was significantly greater in the subphysiological estradiol group compared to intact animals. Specific binding of [H]estradiol in vaginal tissue extracts from intact rats was 0.51 fmol/mg protein and it was increased 30-fold in the vehicle group. ER binding in vaginal tissue in the physiological estradiol group decreased to levels that were comparable to those in intact animals, whereas estrogen receptor binding remained elevated in the subphysiological estradiol group. These changes were paralleled by ERalpha protein levels. CONCLUSIONS: Estradiol is crucial for maintaining optimal vaginal blood flow in the rat. Lower levels of plasma estradiol trigger compensatory ERalpha up-regulation.
Soo Woong Kim; Noel N Kim; Seong-Joo Jeong; Ricardo Munarriz; Irwin Goldstein; Abdulmaged M Traish
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of urology     Volume:  172     ISSN:  0022-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Urol.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-16     Completed Date:  2004-11-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376374     Medline TA:  J Urol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1538-43     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Urology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Estradiol / blood*
Estrogen Receptor alpha
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism,  physiology*
Regional Blood Flow / physiology
Vagina / blood supply*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogen Receptor alpha; 0/Receptors, Estrogen; 50-28-2/Estradiol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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