Document Detail


Modulation of osteoclastic migration by metabolism of 25(OH)-vitamin D3.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22989483     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have reported the metabolism of 25(OH)vitamin D (25D) into active 1α,25(OH)(2)vitaminD(3) (1,25D) by osteoclasts derived from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), RAW 264.7 cells or giant cell tumor of bone (GCT), which appears to optimize osteoclast differentiation but inhibit their activity. In this study, to elucidate the mechanism by which 25D reduces osteoclast resorption, we further examined the effect of 25D on osteoclast function by using GCT-derived osteoclasts. 25D treated cells on dentine slices resulted in decreased resorption volume and depth in 3D image analysis. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) has been reported to enhance the dephosphorylation of substrate binding proteins, resulting in reduced osteoclast attachment. Therefore, we next investigated the effect of 25D on cell migration. Treatment of GCT cells with 25D augmented cell migration, as determined by live cell imaging. These observations suggest that 25D metabolism by osteoclasts reduces their resorptive capacity, in part by modifying their surface adhesion and migration properties.
Authors:
M Kogawa; D M Findlay; P H Anderson; G J Atkins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1220     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015483     Medline TA:  J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Bone Cell Biology Group, Discipline of Orthopaedics & Trauma, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, 5005. Electronic address: masakazu.kogawa@adelaide.edu.au.
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