Document Detail


Modulation of myosin isoenzyme populations and activities of monoamine oxidase and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase in pressure loaded and normal rat heart by swimming exercise and stress arising from electrostimulation in pairs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6498634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The question of whether the effects of physical exercise on the heart of 15-weeks normotensive and hypertensive rats can be modulated by additional stressors was studied. Intermittent swimming (33-35 degrees C water, maximum 2 X 1.5 h/day, 2-6 weeks) was employed as a model of exercise. Electrostimulation of rats in pairs (maximum 2 X 1.5 h/day, 6 weeks) served as a model leading predominantly to stress. When the above procedures were combined, electrostimulation in pairs was performed in one session and was followed up by swimming. The myosin isoenzyme population was used as a marker of changes in contractile performance of myofibrils. Activities of the catecholamine-degrading enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) and the adrenaline-synthesizing enzyme phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT) served to monitor chronic alterations of catecholamine turnover in myocardium. Redistribution in favour of VM-1 (ventricular myosin isoenzyme 1) occurred as early as 2 weeks after the onset of intermittent swimming and was observed under several experimental conditions. The redirection of genetic expression of the isoenzymes was not linked to the presence of an increased ratio of right to left ventricular weight, most probably arising from intermittent hypoxia during drownproofing. The myosin isoenzyme population of swimming spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) resembled that of sedentary Wistar rats. The enzyme activities of MAO and PNMT were both significantly reduced following 6 weeks intermittent swimming in Wistar rats and SHR. This can most probably be attributed to the exercise component of swimming which, on average, led to reduced catecholamine turnover in heart. Electrostimulation of rats in pairs for 6 weeks, which resulted in aggressivity and aggressions, did not alter the myosin isoenzyme population in Wistar rats; in SHR, it further augmented the proportion of VM-3 (ventricular myosin isoenzyme 3), which had already increased in the sedentary state. Furthermore, electrostimulation increased PNMT activity, but did not affect MAO activity. Electrostimulation in pairs, followed by swimming, altered the myosin isoenzyme population in the same way as did swimming alone. However, the activities of PNMT and MAO seemed to be governed by the routine involving stress and not by the exercise routine. This demonstrates that stressors supplementing exercise can decisively modify or even prevent reactions of the organism in response to exercise.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
H Rupp; H R Felbier; A R Bukhari; R Jacob
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0008-4212     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1984 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-01-14     Completed Date:  1985-01-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1209-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Electric Stimulation
Hypertension / enzymology*
Isoenzymes / analysis*
Male
Monoamine Oxidase / analysis*
Myocardium / enzymology*
Myosins / metabolism*
Organ Size
Phenylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase / analysis*
Physical Exertion*
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred Strains
Stress, Physiological / enzymology*
Swimming
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Isoenzymes; EC 1.4.3.4/Monoamine Oxidase; EC 2.1.1.28/Phenylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase; EC 3.6.4.1/Myosins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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