Document Detail


The modular neuroarchitecture of social judgments on faces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21725038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Face-derived information on trustworthiness and attractiveness crucially influences social interaction. It is, however, unclear to what degree the functional neuroanatomy of these complex social judgments on faces reflects genuine social versus basic emotional and cognitive processing. To disentangle social from nonsocial contributions, we assessed commonalities and differences between the functional networks activated by judging social (trustworthiness, attractiveness), emotional (happiness), and cognitive (age) facial traits. Relative to happiness and age evaluations, both trustworthiness and attractiveness judgments selectively activated the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and inferior frontal gyrus, forming a core social cognition network. Moreover, they also elicited a higher amygdalar response than even the emotional control condition. Both social judgments differed, however, in their top-down modulation of face-sensitive regions: trustworthiness judgments recruited the posterior superior temporal sulcus, whereas attractiveness judgments recruited the fusiform gyrus. Social and emotional judgments converged and, therefore, likely interact in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Social and age judgments, on the other hand, commonly engaged the anterior insula, inferior parietal cortex, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which appear to subserve more cognitive aspects in social evaluation. These findings demonstrate the modularity of social judgments on human faces by separating the neural correlates of social, face-specific, emotional, and cognitive processing facets.
Authors:
Danilo Bzdok; Robert Langner; Felix Hoffstaedter; Bruce I Turetsky; Karl Zilles; Simon B Eickhoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991)     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1460-2199     ISO Abbreviation:  Cereb. Cortex     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-19     Completed Date:  2012-10-12     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110718     Medline TA:  Cereb Cortex     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  951-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Brain / blood supply,  physiology*
Brain Mapping*
Cognition / physiology
Emotions / physiology
Face*
Female
Humans
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Judgment / physiology*
Likelihood Functions
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen / blood
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Photic Stimulation
Reaction Time / physiology
Social Perception*
Statistics as Topic
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-MH074457-01A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen
Comments/Corrections

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