Document Detail


Modifying the distribution of attention in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11333070     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In three experiments, the distribution and malleability of infant visual attention were studied in 5-month-olds (N = 72) while they inspected large geometric designs. In Experiment 1, we established that infants maintained their distribution of attention from a pretest to a familiarization phase. We also replicated and extended our previous findings that infants who examined targets with briefer, more numerous looks and shifts-short lookers-had novelty scores above chance, whereas long lookers demonstrated chance responding. In Experiment 2, different portions of the display were successively illuminated with red light. This manipulation induced long lookers to scan like short lookers during familiarization; they then showed novelty scores well above chance. A third experiment ruled out the simple presence of a red light as the source of this effect. In sum, then, these results suggest that the distribution of attention is malleable, and that a broader distribution of attention, as reflected in briefer and more numerous looks and shifts, can improve processing.
Authors:
J J Jankowski; S A Rose; J F Feldman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:    2001 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-02     Completed Date:  2001-08-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  339-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Kennedy Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. jankowsk@aecom.yu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention*
Child Development*
Cues
Exploratory Behavior*
Female
Humans
Infant
Learning
Male
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD 07384/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD 13810/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD 38066/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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