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Modified KAATSU Training: Adaptations and Subject Perceptions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23247712     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although KAATSU training involves low training loads, high perceived exertion and pain scores suggest that potential benefits may be offset by poor adherence or tolerance, particularly if applied in untrained or clinical populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle adaptations, perceived exertion ratings, perceived sensations, and exercise adherence to a modified KAATSU training protocol involving upper arm exercise. METHODS: Forty subjects ages 18 to 30 were assigned to exercise (EX) or non-exercise control (CON) groups. The EX group performed 3 sets of 15 repetitions of unilateral biceps and triceps exercises, 3 times per week for eight weeks while wearing a pneumatic cuff to restrict blood flow on one arm (CUFF) and nothing on the other (NCUFF). The CON group did not exercise but wore the cuff on one arm for a comparable amount of time. Strength, girth, tomography scans along with ratings of perceived exertion and sensations during workouts were assessed. Perceived exertion and sensations were assessed during workouts using visual analog scales. RESULTS: Biceps curl and triceps extension strength along with arm size increased over the 8-week period when compared to the CON group. Compliance was 85.4% and 97% for the EX and CON groups, respectively. EX subjects completed 85.4% of their workouts while controls attended 90.4% of their sessions. The prominent sensations reported in the CUFF arm were pressure and aching. CONCLUSIONS: The KAATSU training used in this study yielded moderate exertion ratings and low pressure sensations, increased muscle size and strength, and was well tolerated, thereby lending support to KAATSU training's potential as a training modality for untrained or clinical populations.
Authors:
Alyssa Weatherholt; Matthew Beekley; Stephanie Greer; Mark Urtel; Alan Mikesky
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Center for Translational Musculoskeletal Research, Indiana University School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Indianapolis, IN 2Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 3Department of Kinesiology, School of Physical Education and Tourism Management, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN.
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