Document Detail

Modified External Ventricular Drainage in Pediatric Tuberculous Meningitis: Is It Possible to Avoid Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21893953     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: Ventriculoperitoneal shunting is the current mainstay of treatment for children with tuberculous meningitis with hydrocephalus. However, ventriculoperitoneal shunting is highly associated with complications, and more importantly, long-term, indwelling shunt devices may adversely affect children's spirits and psychological health. Therefore, there is clearly a need to explore methods of CSF diversion to avoid ventriculoperitoneal shunting. Methods: We studied 6 cases of children with tuberculous meningitis with hydrocephalus in whom external drainage from the ventricle to the subcutaneous abdomen was adopted. Outcomes were assessed over a 6- to 9-month follow-up period based on improvements in radiological features, such as ventricular morphology, as well as the need for ventriculoperitoneal shunting and any complications. Results: The drainage tubes were removed in 4 cases 4-6 months after the modified external ventricular drainage surgery, and 2 patients went on to receive a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. All patients' CSF protein and cell counts returned to normal, and imaging showed improved ventricular morphology and no intracranial secondary infection. Conclusion: In our preliminary study, the modified ventricular drainage device can produce satisfactory outcomes and relatively safe effects and may help some patients to avoid ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement.
Jian Lin; Nu Zhang; Hang-Song Sheng; Mao-de Wang; Bo Yin; Fen-Chun Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1423-0305     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114967     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neurosurg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, PR China.
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