Document Detail

Modification of the technical properties of Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533 by supplementing the growth medium with unsaturated fatty acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21821758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of supplementing growth medium with unsaturated fatty acids on the technical properties of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533, such as heat and acid tolerance, and inhibition of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection. Our results showed that the membrane composition and morphology of L. johnsonii NCC 533 were significantly changed by supplementing a minimal Lactobacillus medium with oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids. The ratio of saturated to unsaturated plus cyclic fatty acids in the bacterial membrane decreased by almost 2-fold when minimal medium was supplemented with unsaturated fatty acids (10 μg/ml). The subsequent acid and heat tolerance of L. johnsonii decreased by 6- and 20-fold when the strain was grown in the presence of linoleic and linolenic acids, respectively, compared with growth in oleic acid (all at 10 μg/ml). Following acid exposure, significantly higher (P < 0.05) oleic acid content was detected in the membrane when growth medium was supplemented with linoleic or linolenic acid, indicating that saturation of the membrane fatty acids occurred during acid stress. Cell integrity was determined in real time during stressed conditions using a fluorescent viability kit in combination with flow cytometric analysis. Following heat shock (at 62.5°C for 5 min), L. johnsonii was unable to form colonies; however, 60% of the bacteria showed no cell integrity loss, which could indicate that the elevated heat inactivated vital processes within the cell, rendering it incapable of replication. Furthermore, L. johnsonii grown in fatty acid-enriched minimal medium had different adhesion properties and caused a 2-fold decrease in S. enterica serovar Typhimurium UK1-lux invasion of HT-29 epithelial cells compared with bacteria grown in minimal medium alone. This could be related to changes in the hydrophobicity and fluidity of the membrane. Our study shows that technical properties underlying probiotic survivability can be affected by nutrient composition of the growth medium.
J A Muller; R P Ross; W F H Sybesma; G F Fitzgerald; C Stanton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-08-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1098-5336     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-23     Completed Date:  2012-01-19     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6889-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Teagasc, Moorepark Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Acids / toxicity
Cell Line
Culture Media / chemistry*
Epithelial Cells / microbiology
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism*
Hot Temperature
Lactobacillus / drug effects,  metabolism,  physiology*,  radiation effects
Microbial Viability / drug effects,  radiation effects
Salmonella typhimurium / growth & development*,  pathogenicity
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acids; 0/Culture Media; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated

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