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Modest Changes in Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Patients with Sleep Apnea Syndrome after Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22678052     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Decreased cerebral glucose metabolism has been reported in patients with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), but it has yet to be decided whether cerebral glucose metabolism in SAS can be altered by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate cerebral glucose metabolism changes in patients with SAS after CPAP treatment. Methods: Thirteen middle-aged male patients with severe SAS [mean age 49.3 ± 7.2 years, mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) 60.4 ± 21.2] and 13 male controls (mean age 46.0 ± 9.4 years, mean AHI 4.1 ± 3.7) participated in the study. All 26 study subjects underwent fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), but SAS patients underwent FDG-PET twice, namely before and 3 months after acceptable CPAP usage. Results: Significant hypometabolism was observed in the bilateral prefrontal areas, left cuneus and left cingulate cortex of SAS patients before CPAP, and after CPAP, significant increases in cortical glucose metabolism were observed in the bilateral precentral gyri and left anterior cingulate cortex. However, these improvements in hypometabolism in both areas were insufficient to reach control levels, and hypometabolism in other regions persisted after CPAP treatment. Conclusions: Reduced cerebral glucose metabolism in the precentral gyrus and the cingulate cortex in patients with SAS was modestly improved by acceptable CPAP treatment. The findings of this study suggest that acceptable CPAP usage cannot completely reverse reduced cerebral glucose metabolism in SAS patients. Further studies are required to evaluate the long-term effects of CPAP treatment with total compliance.
Authors:
Gawon Ju; In-Young Yoon; Sang Don Lee; Yu Kyeong Kim; Eunjin Yoon; Jeong-Whun Kim
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1423-0356     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0137356     Medline TA:  Respiration     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.
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