Document Detail


Moderate intensity exercise as an adjunct to standard smoking cessation treatment for women: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20565161     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous randomized controlled trials have not supported moderate intensity exercise as an efficacious adjunct to smoking cessation treatments for women; however, compliance with exercise programs in these studies has been poor. The purpose of this pilot study was to estimate the effects of moderate intensity exercise on smoking cessation outcomes under optimal conditions for exercise program compliance. Sixty previously sedentary, healthy, female smokers were randomized to an 8-week program consisting of brief baseline smoking cessation counseling and the nicotine patch plus either 150 min/week of moderate intensity exercise or contact control. Participants attended a median of 86.4% and 95.5% of prescribed exercise/control sessions, respectively. There was a moderate, though statistically nonsignificant, effect of exercise at post-treatment for objectively verified 7-day point prevalence abstinence (48.3% vs. 23.3%; OR = 3.07, 95% CI: 0.89-11.07) and prolonged abstinence (34.5% vs. 20.0%; OR = 2.11, 95% CI: 0.56-8.32). Effects were attenuated when controlling for potential confounders, and after a 1-month, no-treatment period. The findings provide a preliminary indication that, given adequate compliance, moderate intensity exercise may enhance short-term smoking cessation outcomes for women; however, a larger trial is warranted.
Authors:
David M Williams; Jessica A Whiteley; Shira Dunsiger; Ernestine G Jennings; Anna E Albrecht; Michael H Ussher; Joseph T Ciccolo; Alfred F Parisi; Bess H Marcus
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1939-1501     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-22     Completed Date:  2010-09-27     Revised Date:  2014-08-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802734     Medline TA:  Psychol Addict Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  349-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance
Pilot Projects
Smoking / psychology
Smoking Cessation / methods*,  psychology
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K12HD043447/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 CA119747/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R03 CA119747/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R03 CA119747-01A1/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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