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Moderate exercise effects on orthostatic intolerance while wearing protective clothing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22764611     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Wearing protective clothing can have deleterious effects on operational capacities and can cause non-compensable thermal stress. We studied the effects of moderate exercise on orthostatic tolerance while wearing protective clothing in eight healthy subjects tolerant to orthostatism.
METHODS: Subjects performed a 60-min moderate exercise on a treadmill followed by a 45-min head-up tilt test. Subjects performed the moderate exercise either in a comfortable condition (control, CON) or wearing protective clothing (PRO) in a random order.
RESULTS: Compared with the CON trial, exercise in the PRO trial induced higher body dehydration, heart rate, and rectal temperature and a decrease in plasma volume. Orthostatic tolerance was significantly reduced in the PRO trial (23.7 +/- 0.2 min) compared with the CON trial (40.7 +/- 1.0 min). Transition from supine to head-up position caused a significant decrease in blood pressure in the PRO compared with the CON. RR interval was smaller in the PRO trial compared with CON in both the supine and head-up positions. Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity was decreased in the PRO, either supine or standing, compared to CON (4.6 +/- 0.5 ms x mmHg(-1) and 14.5 +/- 4.2 ms x mmHg(-1) in supine, and 3.3 +/- 0.6 ms x mmHg(-1) and 7.0 +/- 0.6 ms x mmHg(-1) in standing, for PRO and CON, respectively).
DISCUSSION: These results suggest that the large decrease in the tolerance to orthostatism after exercise while wearing protective clothing was due to the impossibility of maintaining an adapted blood pressure induced by a conflict between the needs of peripherical vasoconstriction linked to the standing posture, the needs of vasodilatation linked to thermoregulation, and a drop in the sensibility of the spontaneous baroreflex.
Authors:
Chantal Jimenez; Jacques Olivier Fortrat; Benoit Delapierre; Bruno Melin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aviation, space, and environmental medicine     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0095-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501714     Medline TA:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  570-6     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
French Army Institute for Biomedical Research, CRSSA Unit, Department des Facteurs Humains, La Tronche, Grenoble, France. chantal.jimenez@gmail.com
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