Document Detail

Models of the mechanical sensitivity and growth of otoliths in fish.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15096663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It has been suggested that, in the fish, the change of otolith mass during development under altered gravity conditions and the growth of otoliths in normal conditions, are determined by feedback between otolith dynamics and the processes that regulate otolith growth. The hypothesis originates from an oscillator model of the otolith in which otolith mass is one of the parameters. However, the validity of this hypothesis is not obvious and has not been experimentally verified. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the oscillator model with a simplified spatially distributed model of the otolith. It was shown that in the case of a spatially distributed fixation of the otolith plate (otoconial layer) to the macular surface, the mechanical sensitivity of the otolith does not depend on the total otolith mass nor on its longitudinal size. It is determined by otolith thickness, the Young's modulus and viscosity of gel layer of the growing otolith. These parameters may change in order to maintain otolith sensitivity under conditions (such as growth or altered gravity) that change the dynamics of otolith movement.
Alexander V Kondrachuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vestibular research : equilibrium & orientation     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0957-4271     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vestib Res     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-20     Completed Date:  2004-07-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9104163     Medline TA:  J Vestib Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-203     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics, Natl. Acad. Sci. of Ukraine, 46 pr.Nauki, Kiev, 03028, Ukraine.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Fishes / growth & development,  physiology*
Models, Biological*
Otolithic Membrane / growth & development,  physiology*

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