Document Detail


Modelling rhythmic function in a musician post-stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11931954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to model the components of rhythmic function in a case (H.J.) of acquired rhythmic disturbance. H.J. is a right-handed, amateur male musician who acquired arrhythmia in the context of a global amusia after sustaining a right temporoparietal infarct. His rhythmic disturbance was analysed in relation to three independent components using an autoregressive extension of Wing and Kristofferson's model of rhythmic timing. This revealed preserved error-correction and motor implementation capacities, but a gross disturbance of H.J.'s central timing system ("cognitive clock"). It rendered him unable to generate a steady pulse, prevented adequate discrimination and reproduction of novel metrical rhythms, and partly contributed to bi-manual co-ordination difficulties in his instrumental performance. The findings are considered in relation to the essential components of the cognitive architecture of rhythmic function, and their respective cerebral lateralisation and localisation. Overall, the data suggested that the functioning of the right temporal auditory cortex is fundamental to 'keeping the beat' in music. The approach is presented as a new paradigm for future neuropsychological research examining rhythmic disturbances.
Authors:
Sarah J Wilson; Jeffrey L Pressing; Roger J Wales
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychologia     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0028-3932     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychologia     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-04     Completed Date:  2002-09-03     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0020713     Medline TA:  Neuropsychologia     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1494-505     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, School of Behavioural Science, The University of Melbourne, 3010, Victoria, Australia. s.wilson@psych.unimelb.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Discrimination Learning / physiology
Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
Functional Laterality / physiology
Humans
Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Male
Mental Recall / physiology
Models, Neurological
Music*
Neuropsychological Tests
Parietal Lobe / physiopathology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Reaction Time / physiology
Temporal Lobe / physiopathology*
Time Perception / physiology*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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