Document Detail

Modelling phenolic and technological maturities of grapes by means of the multivariate relation between organoleptic and physicochemical properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23312314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The ripeness of grapes at the harvest time is one of the most important parameters for obtaining high quality red wines. Traditionally the decision of harvesting is to be taken only after analysing sugar concentration, titratable acidity and pH of the grape juice (technological maturity). However, these parameters only provide information about the pulp ripeness and overlook the real degree of skins and seeds maturities (phenolic maturity). Both maturities, technological and phenolic, are not simultaneously reached, on the contrary they tend to separate depending on several factors: grape variety, cultivar, adverse weather conditions, soil, water availability and cultural practices. Besides, this divergence is increasing as a consequence of the climate change (larger quantities of CO(2), less rain, and higher temperatures). 247 samples collected in vineyards representative of the qualified designation of origin Rioja from 2007 to 2011 have been analysed. Samples contain the four grape varieties usual in the elaboration of Rioja wines ('tempranillo', 'garnacha', 'mazuelo' and 'graciano'). The present study is the first systematic investigation on the maturity of grapes that includes the organoleptic evaluation of the degree of grapes maturity (sugars/acidity maturity, aromatic maturity of the pulp, aromatic maturity of the skins and tannins maturity) together with the values of the physicochemical parameters (probable alcohol degree, total acidity, pH, malic acid, K, total index polyphenolics, anthocyans, absorbances at 420, 520 and 620nm, colour index and tartaric acid) determined over the same samples. A varimax rotation of the latent variables of a PLS model between the physicochemical variables and the mean of four sensory variables allows identifying both maturities. Besides, the position of the samples in the first plane defines the effect that the different factors exert on both phenolic and technological maturities.
E Meléndez; M C Ortiz; L A Sarabia; M Iñiguez; P Puras
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Analytica chimica acta     Volume:  761     ISSN:  1873-4324     ISO Abbreviation:  Anal. Chim. Acta     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370534     Medline TA:  Anal Chim Acta     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Estación Enológica de Haro, Bretón de los Herreros, 4 26200 Haro La Rioja, Spain.
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