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Modelling attention in individual cells leads to a system with realistic saccade behaviours.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19125356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Single cell recordings in monkey inferior temporal cortex (IT) and area V4 during visual search tasks indicate that modulation of responses by the search target object occurs in the late portion of the cell's sensory response (Chelazzi et al. in J Neurophysiol 80:2918-2940, 1998; Cereb Cortex 11:761-772, 2001) whereas attention to a spatial location influences earlier responses (Luck et al. in J Neurophysiol 77:24-42, 1997). Previous computational models have not captured differences in the latency of these attentional effects and yet the more protracted development of the object-based effect could have implications for behaviour. We present a neurodynamic biased competition model of visual attention in which we aimed to model the timecourse of spatial and object-based attention in order to simulate cellular responses and saccade onset times observed in monkey recordings. In common with other models, a top-down prefrontal signal, related to the search target, biases activity in the ventral visual stream. However, we conclude that this bias signal is more complex than modelled elsewhere: the latency of object-based effects in V4 and IT, and saccade onset, can be accurately simulated when the target object feedback bias consists of a sensory response component in addition to a mnemonic response. These attentional effects in V4 and IT cellular responses lead to a system that is able to produce search scan paths similar to those observed in monkeys and humans, with attention being guided to locations containing behaviourally relevant stimuli. This work demonstrates that accurate modelling of the timecourse of single cell responses can lead to biologically realistic behaviours being demonstrated by the system as a whole.
Authors:
Linda J Lanyon; Susan L Denham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-01-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognitive neurodynamics     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1871-4080     ISO Abbreviation:  Cogn Neurodyn     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101306907     Medline TA:  Cogn Neurodyn     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-42     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Human Vision & Eye Movement Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Medicine (Neurology), Psychology, University of British Columbia, Room 365, 3rd Floor Research Labs, VGH Eye Care Centre, 2550 Willow Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 3N9, Canada, llanyon@eyecarecentre.org.
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