Document Detail

Modeling methodology for vascular input impedance determination and interpretation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8175545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The significance of pulse wave reflections in the pulmonary vascular system is elaborated using a new method to determine the broadband frequency response of input impedance up to frequencies of 100 Hz. A simple data model, based on the signal construct of a wavelet, is used to generalize and reconcile the common approaches to vascular frequency response estimation so that an accurate response can be calculated from physiological waveforms. Input impedance interpretation is accomplished using a structural and functional modeling methodology. To identify internal structural system properties, the methodology of inverse scattering is used to relate observed pulse wave echoes in the frequency response to a longitudinal distribution of reflection sites of anatomic significance. To identify functional interactions with pulmonary vascular wave mechanics, a time series analysis methodology is proposed to describe vascular interactions using a generalized principle of superposition. The methods of determination and interpretation are applied to a sample pressure-flow data set from the pulmonary circulation of a lamb experiencing vascular-ventilatory interaction. The example suggests that the frequency response is consistent with a discrete longitudinal distribution of reflection sites that may be affected by the ventilator.
S H Bennett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  76     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-06     Completed Date:  1994-06-06     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis 95616.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn
Blood Pressure / physiology
Models, Biological
Pulmonary Circulation / physiology*
Vascular Resistance / physiology*

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