Document Detail

Modeling the contrast-sensitivity functions of older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8350148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine whether a parabolic template is a good description of the contrast-sensitivity functions (CSF's) exhibited by older adults, the curve-fitting method of Pelli et al. [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), P56 (1986)] was applied to contrast-sensitivity data from 100 older subjects (ages 53-85 years). Although the method resulted in reasonable fits for most subjects, closer inspection revealed that this technique may be problematic. A significant number of observers had functions that were nonparabolic, and for many subjects the error tended to be concentrated at the peak of the CSF. In addition, in contrast to the study of Pelli et al., the peak contrast sensitivities of the subjects were only weakly related to Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity and letter acuity. The data were also fitted with an asymmetric function of variable shape. Whereas this function provided a better fit to the nonparabolic CSF's, it resulted in inferior fits to most of the remaining data. These results demonstrate that the spatial CSF's of older adults cannot be described by a single parametric curve such as a parabola or a function of an exponential and that Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity and letter acuity are not adequate predictors of their peak contrast sensitivities.
A M Rohaly; C Owsley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics and image science     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0740-3232     ISO Abbreviation:  J Opt Soc Am A     Publication Date:  1993 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-13     Completed Date:  1993-09-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8402086     Medline TA:  J Opt Soc Am A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1591-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Eye Foundation Hospital, University of Alabama, Birmingham 35294-0009.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Contrast Sensitivity / physiology*
Middle Aged
Models, Biological
Visual Acuity / physiology
Grant Support

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