Document Detail

Modeling causal relations between academic and social competence and depression: a multitrait-multimethod longitudinal study of children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8723007     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The authors obtained self-reports, peer nominations, teacher ratings, and parent reports of depression and social and academic competence on 490 3rd graders and 455 6th graders near the beginning and end of the school year. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling revealed that (a) measures showed significant convergent and discriminant validity; (b) within-wave correlations between constructs were large and significant, although the depression-social competence correlation was larger than the depression-academic competence correlation; (c) the cross-wave stability of all constructs was remarkably high; and (d) social competence at Wave 1 predicted depression at Wave 2 for 6th graders after controlling for depression at Wave 1. Depression did not predict change in either academic or social competence over time. Implications for competence-based and failure-based models of child depression are discussed.
D A Cole; J M Martin; B Powers; R Truglio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal psychology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0021-843X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Psychol     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-09     Completed Date:  1996-10-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0034461     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  258-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis*,  psychology
Longitudinal Studies
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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