Document Detail


Modeling Secondary Messenger Pathways in Neurovascular Coupling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23358799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Neurovascular coupling is the well-documented link between neural stimulation and constriction or dilation of the surrounding vasculature. Glial cells mediate this response via their unique anatomy, which connects neurons to arterioles. It is believed that calcium transients and the release of secondary messengers by these cells influence the vascular response. We present a model of intracellular calcium dynamics in an astrocyte (glial cell) and show that stable oscillatory behaviour is possible under certain conditions. We then couple this to a novel model for the relationship between calcium concentration and the production of vasoactive secondary messengers through a fatty-acid intermediate. The two secondary messengers modelled are epoxyeicosatrienoic and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (EET and 20-HETE, respectively). These secondary messengers are produced on different time scales, and we show how this supports the observation that the vasculature dilates rapidly in response to neural stimulation, before returning to baseline levels on a slower time scale.
Authors:
James Hadfield; Michael J Plank; Tim David
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of mathematical biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-9602     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. Math. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401404     Medline TA:  Bull Math Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
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