Document Detail


Modeling Nutrient Release in the Tai Lake Basin of China: Source Identification and Policy Implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23322129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Because nutrient enrichment has become increasingly severe in the Tai Lake Basin of China, identifying sources and loads is crucial for watershed nutrient management. This paper develops an empirical framework to estimate nutrient release from five major sectors, which requires fewer input parameters and produces acceptable accuracy. Sectors included are industrial manufacturing, livestock breeding (industrial and family scale), crop agriculture, household consumption (urban and rural), and atmospheric deposition. Results show that in the basin (only the five sectors above), total nutrient loads of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) into aquatic systems in 2008 were 33043.2 tons N a(-1) and 5254.4 tons P a(-1), and annual area-specific nutrient loads were 1.94 tons N km(-2) and 0.31 tons P km(-2). Household consumption was the major sector having the greatest impact (46 % in N load, 47 % in P load), whereas atmospheric deposition (18 %) and crop agriculture (15 %) sectors represented other significant proportions of N load. The load estimates also indicate that 32 % of total P came from the livestock breeding sector, making it the second largest phosphorus contributor. According to the nutrient pollution sectors, six best management practices are selected for cost-effectiveness analysis, and feasible options are recommended. Overall, biogas digester construction on industrial-scale farms is proven the most cost-effective, whereas the building of rural decentralized facilities is the best alternative under extreme financial constraint. However, the reduction potential, average monetary cost, and other factors such as risk tolerance of policy makers should all be considered in the actual decision-making process.
Authors:
Beibei Liu; Heng Liu; Bing Zhang; Jun Bi
Related Documents :
14756979 - Development of an instrument to assess predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing construc...
3570609 - Comparison of relative risks obtained in ecological and individual studies: some method...
23339749 - The impact of fluctuating workloads on well-being and the mediating role of work-nonwor...
24553129 - A many-body potential approach to modelling the thermomechanical properties of actinide...
20735729 - Systematic review on the effect of glucocorticoid use on procoagulant, anti-coagulant a...
12003479 - Approach-avoidance motivation in personality: approach and avoidance temperaments and g...
18681609 - Consonant confusions in white noise.
20079399 - Identification of potential targets in biological signalling systems through network pe...
23912179 - A theoretical model of co-worker responses to work reintegration processes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental management     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1009     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Manage     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703893     Medline TA:  Environ Manage     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of Environment, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, lbeibei@nju.edu.cn.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A Strategy for Prioritizing Threats and Recovery Actions for At-Risk Species.
Next Document:  Effects of ergot alkaloids on liver function of piglets as evaluated by the (13)C-methacetin and (13...