Document Detail

Model testing for reliability and validity of the Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11570714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Development of a reliable and valid measure of outcome expectations for exercise appropriate for older adults will help establish the relationship between outcome expectations and exercise. Once established, this measure can be used to facilitate the development of interventions to strengthen outcome expectations and improve adherence to regular exercise in older adults. OBJECTIVES: Building on initial psychometrics of the Outcome Expectation for Exercise (OEE) Scale, the purpose of the current study was to use structural equation modeling to provide additional support for the reliability and validity of this measure. METHODS: The OEE scale is a 9-item measure specifically focusing on the perceived consequences of exercise for older adults. The OEE scale was given to 191 residents in a continuing care retirement community. The mean age of the participants was 85 +/- 6.1 and the majority were female (76%), White (99%), and unmarried (76%). Using structural equation modeling, reliability was based on R2 values, and validity was based on a confirmatory factor analysis and path coefficients. RESULTS: There was continued evidence for reliability of the OEE based on R2 values ranging from .42 to .77, and validity with path coefficients ranging from .69 to .87, and evidence of model fit (X2 of 69, df = 27, p < .05, NFI = .98, RMSEA = .07). CONCLUSION: The evidence of reliability and validity of this measure has important implications for clinical work and research. The OEE scale can be used to identify older adults who have low outcome expectations for exercise, and interventions can then be implemented to strengthen these expectations and thereby improve exercise behavior.
B Resnick; S Zimmerman; D Orwig; A L Furstenberg; J Magaziner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nursing research     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0029-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Nurs Res     Publication Date:    2001 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-25     Completed Date:  2001-10-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376404     Medline TA:  Nurs Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  293-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; N    
University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore 21201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude to Health*
Exercise Therapy / standards*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Geriatric Assessment
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Likelihood Functions
Models, Statistical*
Nursing Assessment / methods*,  standards
Nursing Evaluation Research
Questionnaires / standards*
Treatment Outcome*
Grant Support
R01 AG17082-01/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R37 AG09901/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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