Document Detail

Model of interstitial pressure as a result of cyclical changes in the capillary wall fluid transport.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11461165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Reported interstitial pressures range from -8 to +6 mm Hg in different tissues and from <-20 mm Hg in burned tissue or more than +30 mm Hg in tumors. We have tried to link interstitial pressure to the here proposed cyclical changes in the fluid transport across the capillary wall. In the presented model interstitial pressure is considered as an average of pressures in numerous pericapillary spaces. A single pericapillary pressure is a dynamic difference between the net outward (hydraulic pressure+interstitial colloid osmotic pressure) and inward (plasma colloid oncotic pressure) forces. Hence, dominating net outward forces would result in a positive pericapillary interstitial pressure, while stronger inward forces would produce negative pressures in the pericapillary space. All interruptions of blood flow leave some blood in capillaries with a normal oncotic pressure and no hydrostatic pressure that might act as a strong absorber of interstitial fluid until the blood flow is reestablished. Model assumptions for the systemic circulation capillaries include (a) precapillary sphincters can almost entirely stop the capillary flow, (b) only a minority of sphincters are normally open in the tissue, and (c) hydrostatic pressures in unperfused capillaries are similar to the pressures at their venous ends. The key proposal is that capillaries with closed precapillary sphincters along their entire length have low hydrostatic pressure of 10 to 15 mm Hg. This pressure cannot force filtration, so these capillaries reabsorb interstitial fluid from the pericapillary space along their entire length. In the open capillaries, hydrostatic pressure filtrates fluid to the pericapillary space along most of their length. Fluid enters, moves some 20 or 30 micrometers away and back to be reabsorbed at the same point. Closed periods are periods of intense fluid reabsorption, while the short open periods refill the space with fresh fluid. It can be calculated that subcutaneous tissue interstitial pressure values might develop if the closed periods are 1.14 to 2.66 times longer than the open periods. Positive interstitial pressures observed in some organs might develop if open periods are longer than the closed periods. High interstitial colloid pressure in lungs makes both perfused and unperfused capillaries absorptive, resulting in more negative values of lung interstitial pressure. The same model is used to explain interstitial pressure values in tumors, burned tissue and intestinal villi.
S Kurbel; B Kurbel; T Belovari; S Marić; R Steiner; D Bozíć
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0306-9877     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Hypotheses     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-19     Completed Date:  2001-10-18     Revised Date:  2009-11-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  Scotland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.
Osijek Medical Faculty, University JJ Strossmayer, 31000 Osijek, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Capillaries / physiology*
Endothelium, Vascular
Models, Biological*

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