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Mode of action of abscisic Acid in barley aleurone layers : abscisic Acid induces its own conversion to phaseic Acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16663746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
As a part of our effort to study the mode of action of abscisic acid (ABA) and its metabolites during seed germination, we have investigated the regulation of ABA metabolism in barley (Hordeum vulgare) aleurone layers and a few other plant tissues. The rate of conversion of [(3)H]ABA to [(3)H]phaseic acid (PA), the first stable metabolite of ABA, is enhanced by 2- to 5-fold in barley aleurone layers when the tissue is pretreated with ABA. However, the conversion of [(3)H]PA to [(3)H] dihydrophaseic acid (DPA), the next metabolite after PA, is not enhanced by pretreatment with either ABA or PA. The ABA enhancement of its own metabolism in barley aleurone layers is detectable with a pretreatment of ABA ranging from 10(-3) to 10(-4) molar. This apparent self-induction of ABA conversion to PA can be observed after the barley aleurone layers have been treated with 10(-5) molar ABA for as short as 2 hours, and is inhibited by the transcription inhibitor, cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine), or the translation inhibitor, cycloheximide. The self-induction of ABA conversion to PA also occurs in wheat aleurone layers, but not in other plant tissues that have been investigated, including corn root tips, barley embryos, barley, and soybean leaf discs. It is probably a phenomenon unique to the aleurone layers of some cereal grains. In view of the recent observations that ABA is able to induce new proteins in barley aleurone layers, we suggest that some of these ABA-induced proteins are involved in the conversion from ABA to PA in this tissue.
Authors:
S J Uknes; T H Ho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1126-32     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801.
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