Document Detail


Mobility and its liminal context: exploring sexual partnering among truck drivers crossing the Southern Brazilian border.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17761375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mobile populations, including truck drivers, are at elevated risk of acquiring HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). However, measures of mobility have been poorly operationalized and little research exists exploring the psychosocial context of mobility and sexual risk taking. A systematic sample of 1775 male truck drivers underwent interview at two customs stations on the Southern Brazilian international border in 2003. The psychosocial effect of being mobile was assessed by clustering truckers based on perceptions of the liminal environment, or being outside of one's normal social environment. The relationship between physical mobility (nights spent at home) and liminal cluster with sexual partnerships was assessed. The clustering procedure yielded three dispositions towards the liminal environment. Compared to truckers in the baseline cluster, those who perceive the environment as (1) very, or (2) moderately permissive had increased odds of reporting a commercial sex partner in the past six months and reported increased numbers of commercial partners. For each week slept at home, the odds of reporting a commercial partner decreased by a factor of 0.73 and the average number of commercial partners decreased by a rate of 0.76. Physical and psychosocial measures of mobility were associated independently with increased partnering on the road. Additional exploration of how the liminal environment shapes mobile populations' sexual decision making and vulnerability to STI is warranted.
Authors:
Sheri A Lippman; Julie Pulerwitz; Magda Chinaglia; Alan Hubbard; Arthur Reingold; Juan Díaz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2007-08-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-06     Completed Date:  2008-03-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2464-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. slippman@berkeley.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Brazil
Cluster Analysis
HIV Infections / epidemiology,  psychology,  transmission*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Vehicles*
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*,  psychology
Odds Ratio
Permissiveness
Prostitution / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Risk Factors
Sexual Behavior
Sexual Partners* / psychology
Sexually Transmitted Diseases / epidemiology,  psychology,  transmission*
Social Environment
Travel / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Unsafe Sex / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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