Document Detail

Mitral valve reconstruction: long-term results of 120 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9013016     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Between January 1977 and December 1992, 120 patients underwent mitral valve reconstruction for pure mitral valve regurgitation (n = 88), or associated with mitral stenosis (n = 32). The mean age was 57.6 years. Some 89 patients were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III and IV; 61% were in atrial fibrillation. Four mechanisms of mitral regurgitation were assessed: dilatation of the annulus (group I: n = 10); increased amplitude of valve motion (group II: n = 62); restriction of valve motion (group III: n = 23), and mixed lesions (group IV: n = 25). Mitral valve repair was carried out using techniques described by Carpentier. Ring annuloplasty was performed in all patients. There were two operative deaths, and six late deaths. Mean patient follow-up was 41 (range 2-142) months. The actuarial survival rate, excluding hospital deaths, was 91.7% at 5 years and 89.1% at 8 years. Actuarial freedom from reoperation at 8 years was 95(2)%. Freedom from all thromboembolic complications was 89.1% at 8 years. Most survivors had improved to NYHA class I or II and postoperative Doppler echocardiography revealed satisfactory mitral valve competence in 83 patients. Mitral valve reconstruction for mitral regurgitation using Carpentier techniques provides excellent long-term functional results and should be considered as the procedure of choice in patients referred for mitral regurgitation.
R Soyer; F Bouchart; J P Bessou; A Tabley; D Mouton-Schleifer; M Redonnet; J Arrignon; B Letac
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular surgery (London, England)     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0967-2109     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc Surg     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-29     Completed Date:  1997-04-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308765     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  813-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, CHU Rouen, France.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Disease-Free Survival
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Valve Prosthesis / methods*,  mortality
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve / surgery
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / surgery*
Mitral Valve Stenosis / surgery*
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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