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Mitochondrial DNA copy number correlates with oxidative stress and predicts mortality in nondiabetic hemodialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20954133     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: Oxidative stress is highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients and may contribute to atherosclerosis and mortality. The copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is affected by oxidative stress in blood circulation. This study aimed to test whether mtDNA copy number correlates with oxidative stress and predicts all-cause mortality in nondiabetic hemodialysis patients.?Methods: Ninety-five nondiabetic hemodialysis patients and 95 healthy subjects were enrolled. Plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) and plasma free thiol were used as indicators of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense, respectively. Mitochondrial DNA copy number in peripheral blood leukocytes was measured by determining relative amounts of mtDNA to nuclear DNA by quantitative real-time PCR. All-cause mortality of hemodialysis patient was recorded during a follow-up of 3 years.?Results: Nondiabetic hemodialysis patients showed higher TBARS levels, lower free thiol levels and higher mtDNA copy numbers compared with normal control subjects. The plasma TBARS level was a significant factor correlating positively to the mtDNA copy number (p=0.024). Patients with a mtDNA copy number higher than the median had a higher all-cause mortality than patients with a lower mtDNA copy number (17.0% vs. 4.2%; log-rank test: p=0.038). A 1-log increase in mtDNA copy number was independently related to an increase in the risk for mortality (hazard ratio 21.360; 95% confidence interval, 1.298-351.572).?Conclusions: Nondiabetic hemodialysis patients had higher oxidative stress and mtDNA copy numbers than healthy subjects. The mtDNA copy number correlates with oxidative stress and predicts mortality in nondiabetic hemodialysis patients.
Yi-Chun Wang; Wen-Chin Lee; Shang-Chih Liao; Lung-Chih Lee; Yu-Jen Su; Chien-Te Lee; Jin-Bor Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nephrology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1724-6059     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nephrol.     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9012268     Medline TA:  J Nephrol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Hsien - Taiwan.
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