Document Detail


Mismatching amodal redundancy inhibits operant learning in 5-month-old infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22721736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current study examined the functional role redundant amodal information plays in an operant learning task in 5-month-old human infants. Prior studies have suggested that both simple and complex learning processes (discrimination, associative conditioning) are facilitated when amodal information is presented redundantly across sensory modalities. These studies, however, did not test whether the amodal information had to be similar across modalities for facilitation to occur. The current study examined how both matching and mismatching redundant amodal information about the shape of an object would influence learning of an operant response in human infants. Infants learned an operant kick response to move a mobile of cylinders while either holding a cylinder, a rectangular cube, or no object. Kick rate served as the dependent measure. The results showed that infants given mismatching redundant amodal information (e.g., viewed cylinders while holding a rectangular cube) showed inhibited operant learning. These results extend the Intersensory Redundancy Hypothesis by demonstrating that amodal redundancy can function in some instances to inhibit complex learning processes.
Authors:
Kimberly S Kraebel; Kelly Armstrong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-06-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-31     Completed Date:  2012-12-28     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  360-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, SUNY Cortland, Cortland, NY 13045, United States. Kimberly.Kraebel@cortland.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Conditioning, Operant / physiology*
Discrimination (Psychology)*
Female
Humans
Infant
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Male
Models, Psychological
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Photic Stimulation
Psychomotor Performance
Reaction Time / physiology
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R03 HD048420-01A2/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 HD48420-1A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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