Document Detail

Mismatch in elastic properties around anastomoses of interposition grafts for hemodialysis access.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7873735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Arteriovenous (AV) fistulas for hemodialysis access, constructed with the use of interposition grafts, are often complicated by intimal hyperplastic stenosis, mainly occurring at the venous anastomosis. In this study, mismatch in elastic properties around the arterial and venous anastomoses of graft AV fistulas in humans was quantified in order to find clues for the predisposition of intimal hyperplasia to develop at the venous anastomosis. The elastic properties of graft AV fistulas in 31 hemodialysis patients were investigated by the use of vessel wall Doppler tracking, 2 wk after construction. Nine saphenous vein grafts, 8 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts, and 14 stretch-PTFE (sPTFE) grafts were measured at the arterial inflow segment, the proximal graft segment, the distal graft segment, and the venous outflow segment. Area increase (AI), representing the capacity of the vessel wall to store blood volume, and relative distension, representing the intrinsic elastic properties, were calculated from diameter and distension. A decrease in AI was observed in the arterial anastomoses of all graft types. An increase in AI was found in the venous anastomosis of ePTFE and sPTFE grafts. Higher values for AI and relative distension were found at the proximal and distal graft segments of the saphenous vein grafts when compared with the prosthetic grafts. In the sPTFE grafts, the level of AI was maintained along the graft, whereas in the ePTFE grafts, a decrease in AI was found. In the arterial anastomoses of AV fistulas, a decline in the capacity to store blood volume was observed. By contrast, an increase in the capacity to store blood volume was found in the venous anastomoses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
L Hofstra; D C Bergmans; A P Hoeks; P J Kitslaar; K M Leunissen; J H Tordoir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1046-6673     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  1994 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-06     Completed Date:  1995-04-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9013836     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Nephrol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1243-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical*
Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
Catheters, Indwelling*
Forearm / blood supply
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis / methods*
Saphenous Vein / transplantation*
Tunica Intima / ultrasonography
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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