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Mismatch between heart failure patients in clinical trials and the real world.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23352093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine urges physicians to translate results from clinical trials to their patients. This, however, can only work, if real world patients are represented in clinical trials. METHODS: We searched the literature on chronic heart failure (1950-2/2011) for studies designed to detect effects on mortality (mortality studies, MS) and exercise training studies (ETS) as the leading non-pharmaceutical/non-surgical treatment option in order to compare their characteristics with European (Euro Heart Survey on Heart Failure, EHSHF) and North American (Framingham Heart Study, FHS) epidemiological studies. RESULTS: After an extensive literature search, we identified 207 ETS and 59 MS. Subjects enrolled in ETS were younger (ETS: 62.5±6.6; MS: 63.9±4.6; EHSHF: 71.0±3.5; FHS: 78.0years), more often male (ETS: 80.9%; MS: 77.3%; EHSHF: 53.0%; FHS: 49.6%; p<0.001), and had substantially less comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus (ETS: 13.6%; MS: 22.5%; EHSHF: 27.0%; FHS: 25.3%; p<0.001), or hypertension (ETS: 26.3%; MS: 39.1%; EHSHF: 53.0%; FHS: 46.9%; p<0.001). Angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitors, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-receptor-blockers were more commonly used in ETS than in EHSHF (all p<0.001). Only 16 (10.6%) ETS and 20 (62.5%) MS reported ethnic background. CONCLUSION: Heart failure patients in exercise training studies and mortality studies do not represent real world patients. In order to extrapolate data to the general population future exercise training studies as well as mortality studies need to include representative patients. Otherwise, knowledge gained can only be translated to a minority of our patients.
Authors:
David Niederseer; Christoph W Thaler; Michaela Niederseer; Josef Niebauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University Institute of Sports Medicine, Prevention and Rehabilitation, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; Institute of Sports Medicine of the State of Salzburg, Sports Medicine of the Olympic Center Salzburg-Rif, Lindhofstraße 20, 5020 Salzburg, Austria.
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