Document Detail

Minor depression: a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8877487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The clinical experience of the authors has suggested there is a significant group of elderly and individuals with medical illness and depressive symptoms who do not meet DSM-IV criteria for major depression. We were interested in all available data regarding minor depression in both the medically ill and community individuals. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched from 1965 to 1995, using the terms "depressive disorders" and "medical illness," as well as "atypical depression" and "elderly." Relevant references from these primary articles were also utilized. RESULTS: In medical patients, depressive symptoms were associated with decreased likelihood of discharge to home. Although diagnostic criteria vary, some suggest anhedonia as the central feature. From 3 to 16 percent of medical outpatients suffer from minor depression. Up to 64 percent of medical inpatients will complain of depressed mood. Studies in community samples found that minor depression was responsible for 9 to 16 percent of total disability days, and was associated with absenteeism from work, as well as separation and divorce. Little is known about the natural history and prognosis of minor depression. CONCLUSIONS: Minor depression is both common and has a significant impact on the health care system, and therefore deserves further study.
D A Beck; H G Koenig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of psychiatry in medicine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0091-2174     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Psychiatry Med     Publication Date:  1996  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-08     Completed Date:  1997-01-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365646     Medline TA:  Int J Psychiatry Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-209     Citation Subset:  IM    
Duke University Medical Center, Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Community Health Services
Depression / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Middle Aged
Primary Health Care
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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