Document Detail


Minnesota highway maintenance worker cohort mortality study: methods and noncancer mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2741959     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In 1984, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) began a cohort mortality study of 4,849 workers to follow up concerns with the health and safety of highway maintenance workers (HMWs). A total of 1,530 deaths had occurred, resulting in a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 91 (p less than .01) and an all cancer SMR of 84 (p less than .01). There was a significant elevation in the SMR for chronic renal failure among long-term rural workers (SMR = 676, p less than .05). The SMR was also elevated for transportation injuries. The latter SMR was highest among short-term urban workers (SMR = 280, p less than .01). In addition, the SMR for transportation-related injury deaths tended to increase the later the decade of starting work. The SMRs were 137, 259, 502, and 2,145 for urban workers starting work in the decades 1945-1954, 1955-1964, 1965-1974, and 1975-1984, respectively. This study demonstrates the possible adverse health effects of highway maintenance work and the need to comprehensively evaluate injury mortality among selected occupational cohorts.
Authors:
D L Parker; A P Bender; R A Johnson; W K Scharber; A N Williams; M C Marbury; J S Mandel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0271-3586     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  1989  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-09     Completed Date:  1989-08-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  531-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Chronic Disease and Environmental Epidemiology, Minnesota Department of Health, Minneapolis 55440.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
Diabetes Mellitus / mortality
Humans
Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality
Minnesota
Occupational Diseases / mortality*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
OH0055-02/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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