Document Detail

Mineral and vitamin status in elderly persons from Northwest Spain consuming an Atlantic variant of the Mediterranean diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15133316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To assess dietary intake and serum mineral and vitamin levels in elderly people from Northwest Spain consuming a Mediterranean diet, rich in vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, olive oil, dairy products and moderate in wine. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study in four retirement homes. Forty-five men and 65 women participated. Dietary intake and serum calcium, magnesium, iron, retinol, alpha-tocopherol, albumin, cholesterol, glucose and hematological parameters were determined. RESULTS: Mean consumption of fruit plus vegetables was 600 g/day. Men consumed significantly more legumes, fruit, meat, and alcoholic beverages, but fewer vegetables than women. Women presented higher carbohydrate and lower alcohol energy contributions. Men consumed significantly more thiamin, niacin equivalents, riboflavin, retinol equivalents and iron. Vitamin D intake was 2.2 +/- 1.2 microg/day and folate intake was 204 +/- 47 microg/day without gender differences. Prevalence of anemia was 6.7% and that of high ferritin, 1.8%. Serum cholesterol and retinol were higher in women. Mean serum alpha-tocopherol/cholesterol ratio in the whole population was 6.3 +/- 2.3 mmol/mol without gender differences. CONCLUSION: This elderly population consumes an Atlantic-Mediterranean diet that appears, according to biochemical and hematological parameters, appropriate. However, more fatty fish and leafy green vegetables and the inclusion of fortified foods in the diet might optimize micronutrient status.
M Pilar Vaquero; Francisco J Sánchez-Muniz; Angeles Carbajal; M Carmen García-Linares; M Camino García-Fernández; M Trinidad García-Arias
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-05-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nutrition & metabolism     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0250-6807     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Nutr. Metab.     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-18     Completed Date:  2005-02-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8105511     Medline TA:  Ann Nutr Metab     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel
Departamento de Metabolismo y Nutrición, Instituto del Frío, CSIC, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, España.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Alcohol Drinking
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Diet, Mediterranean* / statistics & numerical data
Geriatric Assessment
Minerals / administration & dosage*,  blood
Nutrition Assessment
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Status*
Sex Factors
Vitamins / administration & dosage*,  blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

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