Document Detail

Mineral content of complementary foods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19391001     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To document mineral contents iron, zinc, calcium, energy contents and nutrient densities in complementary foods commonly given to young urban slum children. METHODS: Information on dietary intake was collected from 892 mothers of children aged 13-24 months, using 24 hour dietary recall and standardized measures. Three variations of 27 most commonly prepared recipes were analyzed and their energy (Kcal/g) and nutrient densities (mg/100 Kcal) were calculated. RESULTS: Considerable variations were observed in preparation of all items fed to the children. Cereal-based items predominated their diets with only small amount of vegetables/fruits. Fenugreek was the only leafy vegetable included, but was given to only 1-2% of children. Iron, calcium, zinc contents of staple complementary foods ranged from: 0.33 mg to 3.73 mg, 4 mg to 64 mg, and 0.35 mg to 2.99 mg/100 respectively. Recipes diluted with less water and containing vegetables, spices had higher mineral content. Minerals densities were higher for dals, fenugreek vegetable, khichdi and chapatti. Using the median amounts of the various recipes fed to children, intakes of all nutrients examined especially calcium and iron was low. CONCLUSION: There is an urgent need to educate mothers about consistency, dilution, quantity, frequency, method of preparation, inclusion of micronutrient-rich foods, energy-dense complementary foods and gender equality.
Rati Jani; S A Udipi; P S Ghugre
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-04-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-24     Completed Date:  2009-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, S.N.D.T Women's University, Mumbai, India.
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MeSH Terms
Calcium / analysis
Catchment Area (Health)
Energy Intake
Food Analysis*
Health Promotion
India / epidemiology
Minerals / analysis*
Mothers / education
Nutrition Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Nutritive Value
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population
Zinc / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 7440-66-6/Zinc; 7440-70-2/Calcium

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