Document Detail


Mind over matter: reappraising arousal improves cardiovascular and cognitive responses to stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21942377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Researchers have theorized that changing the way we think about our bodily responses can improve our physiological and cognitive reactions to stressful events. However, the underlying processes through which mental states improve downstream outcomes are not well understood. To this end, we examined whether reappraising stress-induced arousal could improve cardiovascular outcomes and decrease attentional bias for emotionally negative information. Participants were randomly assigned to either a reappraisal condition in which they were instructed to think about their physiological arousal during a stressful task as functional and adaptive, or to 1 of 2 control conditions: attention reorientation and no instructions. Relative to controls, participants instructed to reappraise their arousal exhibited more adaptive cardiovascular stress responses-increased cardiac efficiency and lower vascular resistance-and decreased attentional bias. Thus, reappraising arousal shows physiological and cognitive benefits. Implications for health and potential clinical applications are discussed.
Authors:
Jeremy P Jamieson; Matthew K Nock; Wendy Berry Mendes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. General     Volume:  141     ISSN:  1939-2222     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Gen     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-31     Completed Date:  2013-01-14     Revised Date:  2013-08-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502587     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Gen     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  417-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. jamieson@wjh.harvard.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anxiety / physiopathology,  psychology
Arousal / physiology*
Attention / physiology*
Cognition / physiology*
Emotions / physiology*
Female
Heart Rate / physiology*
Humans
Male
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology,  psychology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
F32 HD061195-01A2/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; F32-HD061195/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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