Document Detail

Milk protein intake in the term infant. I. Metabolic responses and effects on growth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3564969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Thirty healthy term infants were studied during the three first months of life. The infants were divided into three feeding groups consisting of 10 infants in each. The feeding regimens were: human milk by breast feeding, a formula (F-I) containing 1.2 g/100 ml of protein and a control formula (F-II) containing 1.6 g protein/100 ml. Both formulas were whey predominant and isocaloric. Protein intake was significantly higher with formula F-II when compared to the human milk group and to formula F-I. No significant differences with respect to weight, length and head circumference were found among the groups, but the rate of growth between 2 to 12 weeks was higher in the control formula (F-II) group. Serum albumin concentrations were normal and similar in all feeding groups. Blood urea nitrogen and urine total nitrogen concentration was significantly lower in the low protein formula I group when compared to the control formula II. After the fourth week of life the low protein formula infants had similar blood urea nitrogen and urine nitrogen concentrations as those of the breast-fed infants. The results indicate that current formulas in use provide excessive protein intakes after the first months of life.
N Räihä; I Minoli; G Moro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0001-656X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Scand     Publication Date:  1986 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-21     Completed Date:  1987-05-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0000211     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Scand     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  881-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Infant Food*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn / growth & development*,  metabolism
Milk Proteins / administration & dosage*
Nitrogen / metabolism
Serum Albumin / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Milk Proteins; 0/Serum Albumin; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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