Document Detail

Milk production of West African Dwarf goats in the Gambia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16986773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Goats are important in the low-input systems of West Africa and their main importance lies in their role for income and saving. In addition, it is known that milk offtake for home consumption is also important. In order to obtain information about the real importance of milk offtake, a recording scheme was operated in 27 villages in the Central River Division of The Gambia from July 1998 until January 2000. Detailed information was obtained from about 1500 kiddings. In the recording scheme, any sheep being milked as well as the goats of the International Trypanotolerance Centre nucleus flock were also recorded. In the villages, 36% of all lactations were used for milk offtake, but the fraction milked was lower for the first two lactations. The average length of lactation was 127 days and the average daily milk offtake was 0.18 L. Goats are milked once a day and the residual milk is left for the kids. Milking starts about one week after parturition and stops when the goat becomes pregnant or the kid(s) die or the goat is drying off. The repeatability of the 90-day milk offtake was 0.24 +/- 0.09. Sixty-five percent of goat owner were women and a large fraction of goat owners also owned cattle. Goat milk was used exclusively for home consumption. It is concluded that in breeding and extension work more attention should be given to aspects of milk production.
J Jaitner; M Njie; N Corr; L Dempfle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0049-4747     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-21     Completed Date:  2006-10-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
International Trypanotolerance Centre, Banjul, The Gambia.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Suckling
Dairying / methods*
Goats / physiology*
Lactation / physiology*
Milk / secretion*

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