Document Detail


Military diving training improved arterial compliance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19199199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was aimed at investigating whether repeated SCUBA diving might induce long term cardiovascular and autonomic modifications. In 11 military mine clearance diving students, arterial compliance (ultrasound scan study of brachial artery and ratio of stroke volume to pulse pressure: SV/PP), resting spectral analyses of heart rate and blood pressure variability, and a cold pressor test were performed before and after a 15-week military diving training course. After the diving training, arterial compliance was improved, as indicated by the significant increase in brachial arterial compliance (from 24+/-10 to 37+/-14 ml.mmHg (-1)) and SV/PP (from 1.7+/-0.2 to 1.9+/-0.2 ml.mmHg (-1)), and by the significant decrease in systolic, diastolic and pulse pressures (from 130+/-8 to 120+/-7; from 71+/-4 to 67+/-4; and from 58+/-8 to 53+/-5 mmHg, respectively). The peak oxygen uptake increased significantly from 54.3+/-2.0 to 56.8+/-4.0 mL.kg (-1).min (-1). Finally, the vasoconstrictive response during the cold pressor test increased (p<0.05). These findings point to a positive effect of a 15-week military diving training course on vascular function, and for a concomitant development of some peripheral vascular acclimatization to cold.
Authors:
L Mourot; Y Golé; P Louge; P Fontanari; J Regnard; A Boussuges
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-02-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1439-3964     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-26     Completed Date:  2009-08-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Université de Franche Comté, Besançon, France. mourotlaurent@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Pressure / physiology
Brachial Artery / physiology*,  ultrasonography
Cold Temperature
Diving / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Military Personnel
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Pulse
Stroke Volume / physiology
Vasoconstriction / physiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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