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Mild-to-Moderate Neurogenic Pyrexia in Acute Cerebral Infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21273777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Pyrexia is often associated with unfavorable stroke outcomes. However, limited information is available on the relationship between the causes of poststroke hyperthermia and stroke prognosis, especially for mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia in acute cerebral infarction. Aims: To compare the differences in the clinical features and characteristics of pyrexia as well as its prognosis among acute cerebral infarction patients with mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia, with infectious pyrexia, and without pyrexia. The focus was on mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia. Methods: A total of 709 patients with acute cerebral infarction were prospectively recruited and their clinical data were analyzed. Results: No significant difference was detected in age, gender, history of smoking, hypertension, or diabetes among the 3 groups (p > 0.05). Patients with mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia and those with infectious pyrexia had higher baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores (15.1 ± 6.7, p = 0.003; 14.3 ± 8.1, p = 0.002, respectively), lower 3-month Barthel index (BI) values (64.2 ± 40.7, p < 0.001; 61.9 ± 49.3, p < 0.001, respectively) and higher 3-month mortality rates (13%, p = 0.026; 16%, p < 0.001, respectively) than patients without pyrexia (NIHSS score 11.4 ± 7.9; BI 82.6 ± 39.8, and mortality rate 6%, respectively). No difference existed in these parameters between the 2 pyrexia groups (p > 0.05), but mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia had an earlier onset and a shorter duration than infectious pyrexia (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Acute cerebral infarction patients with mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia had a similar prognosis compared to those with infectious pyrexia. Mild-to-moderate neurogenic pyrexia is possibly associated with stroke severity.
Gang Li; Xiao-Yun Xu; Yue Wang; Xiao-Bo Gu; Yuan-Yuan Xue; Lian Zuo; Jin-Ming Yu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  European neurology     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1421-9913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0150760     Medline TA:  Eur Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  94-98     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Neurology, East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, PR China.
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