Document Detail

Mild rheumatic mitral regurgitation in the presence of dominant stenotic pliable valve: an echocardiographic structural valve analysis in patients undergoing balloon valvuloplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23193785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Understanding the mechanism and the main components involved in rheumatic mitral regurgitation (MR) associated with dominant pliable mitral stenosis (MS) may improve our ability to repair some mixed rheumatic mitral valve pathologies.
OBJECTIVES: To assess mitral valve structural components in pure mitral stenosis versus mitral stenosis associated with mild regurgitation
METHODS: Using two-dimensional echocardiography, we performed mitral valve structural analysis in two groups of patients prior to balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV). The first group, consisting of 13 females and 2 males (mean age 39 +/- 5 years), suffered from pure pliable mitral stenosis (PPMS), while the second group, with 22 females and 2 males (mean age 44 +/- 5 years), had mixed mitral valve disease (MMVD) characterized by mild MR in the presence of dominant pliable MS. All echocardiographic measurements relating to the mechanism of MR were undertaken during the systolic phase.
RESULTS: The mean Wilkins scores of the PPMS and MMVD groups were 7 +/- 1 and 8 +/- 1 respectively (P = 0.004). No significant differences were found between the MMVD group and the PPMS group regarding annular circumference (15.5 +/- 1.4 cm vs. 15.4 +/- 1.6cm, P = 0.84), annular diameter (36 +/- 4 mm vs. 38 +/- 5 mm, P = 0.18), and chordae tendinae length directed to the anterior mitral leaflet (AML) (10 +/- 2 mm vs. 11 +/- 2 mm, P = 0.137). However, anterior vs. posterior mitral leaflet length during systole was significantly lower in the MMVD than in the PPMS group (2.2 +/- 0.5 vs. 2.8 +/- 0.4, P = 0.02), whereas the AML thickness at the co-aptation point was greater in the MMVD than in the PPMS group (7 +/- 1 vs. 5 +/- 1 mm, P = 0.0004).
CONCLUSIONS: In rheumatic valves, thickening and shortening of the AML are the main factors determining the appearance of mild MR in the presence of dominant pliable MS.
Yoav Turgeman; Alexander Feldman; Khaled Suleiman; Limor I Bishari; Idit Lavi; Lev Bloch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1565-1088     ISO Abbreviation:  Isr. Med. Assoc. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100930740     Medline TA:  Isr Med Assoc J     Country:  Israel    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  629-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Heart Institute, Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel.
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