Document Detail


Mild intermittent asthma: CT assessment of bronchial cross-sectional area and lung attenuation at controlled lung volume.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11930065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To evaluate, with thin-section computed tomography (CT), changes in bronchial cross-sectional area and lung attenuation induced by bronchial stimulation in patients with mild intermittent asthma, at a given lung volume monitored with pneumotachography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with mild intermittent asthma who were nonsmokers (National Institutes of Health staging) and six nonsmoking healthy volunteers, age and sex ratio-matched, were examined by using helical thin-collimation CT at the level of basal bronchi at 65% of total lung capacity. Three sets of acquisitions were obtained: at baseline and after inhalation of methacholine and then salbutamol. Cross-sectional areas of bronchi greater than 4 mm(2) were segmented and calculated from CT images. Lung attenuation was measured in the anterior, lateral, and posterior areas of the right lung parenchyma. Gas trapping was evaluated by using thin-section CT at residual volume in six of the patients with asthma. Statistical analysis included two factors repeated-measurement analysis of variance and Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric tests. RESULTS: Bronchial cross-sectional areas and lung attenuation did not vary significantly compared with baseline values following bronchial challenge in healthy volunteers or patients with asthma. However, in patients with asthma, bronchial cross-sectional areas were significantly smaller than in healthy volunteers, except after inhalation of salbutamol. Lung attenuation and anteroposterior attenuation gradient were significantly higher in patients with asthma than in healthy patients (P <.001). Air-trapping scores were significantly higher after methacholine challenge. CONCLUSION: Helical thin-collimation CT at controlled lung volume and at full expiration associated with bronchial challenge may help evaluate bronchoreactivity and inflammation in mild intermittent asthma.
Authors:
Catherine Beigelman-Aubry; André Capderou; Philippe A Grenier; Christian Straus; Marie-Hélène Becquemin; Thomas Similowski; Marc Zelter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiology     Volume:  223     ISSN:  0033-8419     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiology     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-03     Completed Date:  2002-06-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401260     Medline TA:  Radiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  181-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651 Paris 13, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Asthma / radiography*
Female
Humans
Lung Volume Measurements
Male
Severity of Illness Index
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*

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