Document Detail


Mild hypothermia and the distribution of cerebral lesions in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16199715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypothermia induced by whole-body cooling (WBC) and selective head cooling (SHC) both reduce brain injury after hypoxia-ischemia in newborn animals, but it is not known how these treatments affect the incidence or pattern of brain injury in human newborns. To assess this, 14 term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) treated with SHC, 20 infants with HIE treated with WBC, and 52 noncooled infants with HIE of similar severity were studied with magnetic resonance imaging in the neonatal period. Infants fulfilling strict criteria for HIE were recruited into the study after assessment of an amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG). Cooling was commenced within 6 hours of birth and continued for 48 to 72 hours. Hypothermia was not associated with unexpected or unusual lesions, and the prevalence of intracranial hemorrhage was similar in all 3 groups. Both modes of hypothermia were associated with a decrease in basal ganglia and thalamic lesions, which are predictive of abnormal outcome. This decrease was significant in infants with a moderate aEEG finding but not in those with a severe aEEG finding. A decrease in the incidence of severe cortical lesions was seen in the infants treated with SHC.
Authors:
Mary A Rutherford; Denis Azzopardi; Andrew Whitelaw; Frances Cowan; S Renowden; A David Edwards; Marianne Thoresen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  116     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-03     Completed Date:  2005-12-28     Revised Date:  2007-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1001-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Imaging Sciences Department, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom. m.rutherford@imperial.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain / pathology
Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications,  diagnosis
Electroencephalography
Humans
Hypothermia, Induced*
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain / complications,  pathology,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Infant, Newborn
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Wellcome Trust
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Pediatrics. 2006 Jun;117(6):2326-8; author reply 2328   [PMID:  16740888 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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