Document Detail


Mild central pontine myelinolysis: a frequently undetected syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4092709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Over a period of 1 year we diagnosed central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) in five patients all of whom survived, two of them with complete functional recovery despite extensive lesions on cranial computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Diagnosis was based upon the combination of an acute brainstem dysfunction with typical neuroradiological features; a history of chronic alcoholism or a preceding hyponatremia may serve as a diagnostic hint. The spectrum of symptoms ranged from severe tetraplegia and cranial nerve palsies to latent signs of pyramidal tract lesions and discrete ocular motor abnormalities. In two patients pontine and extrapontine manifestations of demyelination were confirmed neuroradiologically; in one patient a solely extrapontine manifestation was present. Thus it is reasonable that: (1) the incidence of comparatively mild forms of CPM as well as extrapontine manifestations are more frequent than hitherto assumed, (2) the clinical outcome of the syndrome is better than expected from earlier fatal case reports and is quite independent of the extent of the lesion as it appears with brain imaging methods.
Authors:
H W Pfister; K M Einhäupl; T Brandt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of psychiatry and neurological sciences     Volume:  235     ISSN:  0175-758X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci     Publication Date:  1985  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-03-28     Completed Date:  1986-03-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411522     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  134-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Alcoholism / complications
Cranial Nerve Diseases / pathology
Demyelinating Diseases / pathology*
Female
Humans
Hyponatremia / complications
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / diagnostic use
Male
Middle Aged
Myelin Sheath / ultrastructure
Pons / pathology*
Quadriplegia / pathology
Syndrome
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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