Document Detail


Migration, remittances, livelihood trajectories, and social resilience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12174607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We argue that all aspects of demographic change, including migration, impact on the social resilience of individuals and communities, as well as on the sustainability of the underlying resource base. Social resilience is the ability to cope with and adapt to environmental and social change mediated through appropriate institutions. We investigate one aspect of the relationship between demographic change, social resilience, and sustainable development in contemporary coastal Vietnam: the effects of migration and remittances on resource-dependent communities in population source areas. We find, using longitudinal data on livelihood sources, that emigration and remittances have offsetting effects on resilience within an evolving social and political context. Emigration is occurring concurrently with, not driving, the expansion of unsustainable coastal aquaculture. Increasing economic inequality also undermines social resilience. At the same time diversification and increasing income levels are beneficial for resilience.
Authors:
W Neil Adger; P Mick Kelly; Alexandra Winkels; Luong Quang Huy; Catherine Locke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ambio     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0044-7447     ISO Abbreviation:  Ambio     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-14     Completed Date:  2003-01-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364220     Medline TA:  Ambio     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of East Anglia, Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. n.adger@uea.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aquaculture
Conservation of Natural Resources*
Demography
Emigration and Immigration*
Humans
Income*
Social Conditions*
Vietnam

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